Singapore: Ending 2018 on a low note

While 2018 has been a roller coaster ride, we expect 2019 to be just as challenging.
Irvin Seah02 Jan 2019
  • Advance GDP growth for the fourth quarter registered 2.2% YoY, lower than expected
  • External headwinds continued to weigh down performances in all key sectors
  • We expect GDP growth in 2019 to slow to 3.0%, from 3.3% in 2018
Photo credit: AFP Photo

Singapore: Ending 2018 on a low note

The Singapore economy ended 2018 on a low note. Advance GDP growth for the fourth quarter came in lower than expected at 2.2% YoY, from a revised 2.3% in the previous quarter. Sequentially, growth momentum slowed to 1.6% QoQ saar, from a robust 3.5% previously. Overall, the economy expanded by 3.3% in 2018.

Notably, the slowdown in the fourth quarter was broad-based. While the manufacturing sector saw a higher year-on-year growth, this was largely due to the low base last year. Sequentially, output from the sector has declined by 8.7%. The slowdown from China could be a key factor. Non-oil domestic exports to China has shrunk by an average of 20.9% between Oct-Nov18. Latest December manufacturing PMI in China also contracted (49.4) for the first time in more than two years. The trade dilution impact of the trade war has started to bite.

The drag from the manufacturing sector has in part spilled over to the services sector. While the sector has remained in expansion, the pace of growth in this key sector has continued to moderate. Note that the services sector accounts for about 70% of the economy and employment. Continued moderation in the growth momentum in this sector would have significant implications on the performance of the overall economy, as well as employment outlook.

The construction sector has remained in recession, but the worst for the cycle may have passed. Overall growth remains stuck in negative and the sequential growth momentum has also eased to 1.1% QoQ saar, from 3.3% previously. Impetus in the coming quarters will come from infrastructure projects, but this will be juxtaposed with a slowdown in the residential construction activity.

External headwinds have picked up. Global electronics demand is easing, and the trade war is adding salt to wound in the near term. Trade diversion from China to ASEAN countries could help but this will take time to materialise. Besides, liquidity conditions will get tighter in 2019. Although rising US rate expectations have simmered, we still see the Fed Funds Rate increasing another 50 bps to 3%. Overall, last year has been a roller coaster ride but this year could be just as challenging. We expect GDP growth in 2019 to slow to 3.0%, from 3.3% in 2018.

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Irvin Seah

Executive Director

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