Estate planning even if you’re not a millionaire
If you don’t have time to read through the whole article, you can check out our short version below:
Your 4-Step Guide to Estate Planning:
Take stock of all the assets you own.
Write your Will for the smooth distribution of your estate, and review it regularly. This includes your belongings and financial assets.
Make your CPF nomination to specify who will receive your CPF savings, and how much.
Ensure your family’s well-being with term or life insurance, and cover potentially high medical costs with health insurance.
You may not be a millionaire. But no matter your background, it’s important to have things set in place.
Firstly, it allows you to spend less energy thinking about the what-ifs of life. Secondly, you’ll feel better knowing that you have done what you can to ensure that your loved ones will be cared for.
That’s why estate planning is for everyone – not just the rich.
Estate planning is about setting out how you want your estate (or your assets) to be managed and transferred. And writing a Will is an important part of the plan.
This may seem daunting at first, but it need not be difficult if you approach it systematically.
When planning your estate, you may take the following steps:
- Take stock of all the assets you own.
- Write your Will for the smooth distribution of your estate, and review it regularly. This includes your belongings and financial assets.
- Make your Central Provident Fund (CPF) nomination to specify who will receive your savings, and how much.
- Ensure your family’s well-being with general protection, term or life insurance, and cover potentially high medical costs with health insurance.
Make a list of all your assets, and check it twice. This can include your home, bank accounts, CPF savings, investments, insurance plans, jewellery, antiques, and anything of monetary value. Be sure to update the list regularly.
For many Singaporeans and Permanent Residents, our CPF savings are a major asset. CPF funds are not covered by a Will, so remember to make a separate nomination with the CPF Board.
Finally, you should also consider your liabilities, which include everything that you owe, such as property and car loans, credit card debts, and so on. The net value of your estate takes into account your assets, liabilities, fees and expenses, and the nature of ownership (for owned property).
You might wonder: Why write a Will when you can simply relay your wishes to your loved ones?
Well, the main benefits are that it provides clarity and prevents unnecessary delays in the transfer of your estate. A Will is a legally binding document that lets you state in certain terms how and to whom you wish to distribute your assets.
This will not only prevent misinterpretation but also reduce stress for your family at a difficult time. If you do not have a Will, Singapore’s intestacy laws (or for Muslims, Islamic inheritance law) will determine who gets what. The asset distribution may then not be aligned to your wishes, and the settlement could be a long-drawn process.
When writing a Will, the key decisions include:
- Who to distribute your assets to;
- In what proportion; and
- Who will ensure your wishes are carried out (executors and trustees)
You can approach a lawyer to help you draft a Will. But first, think through these in detail:
Make a list of beneficiaries, that is, the people (or even charities) receiving your estate. Next, decide what and how much to allocate to each beneficiary. You might wish to distribute your estate by proportion or allocate specific assets.
In planning how to distribute your assets, think about how you wish them to be used. You might, for instance, want your home to be kept for your spouse’s use, instead of being sold off. Or you might want to dedicate some money for a child’s university education, and a separate amount for supporting an elderly parent. These intentions will guide you in the decision-making process.
Is there someone you trust to handle your assets on your behalf?
If you have a child aged under 21 years, you should appoint a legal guardian for him/her in your Will to ensure your little one will be under good and responsible care.
If you’re single, you may wish to ensure that your parents, siblings and/or pets will be cared for.
Don’t worry about the finality of your decisions. You can and should review your Will regularly, especially when your life status changes.
For example, did you know that marriage revokes a Will that you made while you were single? However, having children has no effect on the validity of the will. Still, many people revise their Wills after the arrival of a new baby, to include him or her in their estate plan.
Changes can be made at any time, as long as you have the mental capacity to do so. Remember to also review your CPF nomination.
Estate planning is ultimately about ensuring that the people you love get what you wish to give them. If you’re not sure how to evaluate your assets, seek help from a financial advisor. Make sure your Will is valid by checking with a lawyer. You might also want to look into other legal arrangements concerning your estate, such as setting up a trust or lasting power of attorney.
You may not be a millionaire. But no matter what postal code you stay at, it is important to have things set in place.
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