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Understanding Stocks and Shares
At a Glance
Equities refer to a stock of a company measured in number of shares.
- Very often, the terms, “equities”, “stocks”, “shares” and “securities” refer to the same thing.
- Buying stocks represents a share of ownership in the company and you become its shareholder.
- Shares are bought and sold on the stock exchange. In Singapore, it is known as the Singapore Exchange (SGX).
- In SGX, the minimum buy or sell amount is a board lot of 100 shares
Ways to Earn Returns
- Capital Growth
When the current stock price rises above its purchase price over a period of time.
- Example: If a stock was bought at $1.00 per share and sold at $1.15, the return from capital growth is 15% (($1.15 - $1.00)/$1.00 x 100%).
When a company distributes a portion of profits to shareholders in cash or additional stocks.
- Example: A company pays dividends of 2 cents per share. If you hold 100 shares, you will receive $2 ($0.02 x 100).
Benefits & Risks
Ease of trading
Stocks may be bought or sold on the stock exchange.
You own a part of the company when you buy its shares. This allows you to benefit from the company’s growth and profit.
Stock prices are reflected in real time on the stock exchange, allowing investors to buy and sell at their desired prices.
Stock prices may rise or fall depending the company’s performance and other factors affecting the market.
Stock prices may rise or fall sharply over the course of a day. The higher the volatility, the higher the risk. Constant monitoring of market movements and stock prices may be required in times of high volatility.